Myanmar independence day marks the day when Myanmar’s government announced it will withdraw from the United Nations Human Rights Council.
It also marks the 70th anniversary of the beginning of the People’s Republic of China’s rule in Myanmar.
This is the fourth year of a government crackdown on the Rohingya, which is predominantly Muslim, and a majority Buddhist majority.
The UN and Human Rights Watch (HRW) have accused Myanmar of mass murder, including summary executions.
More than 1.3 million Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh, where they live in refugee camps.
The UN says they face torture, rape and other abuses in their new country.
Since the violence began in early August, thousands of Myanmar’s Rohingya have been displaced.
“This is an unprecedented and unprecedented time for Myanmar,” UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein said in a statement on Monday.
“We are calling on the government to respect human rights and the rule of law and abide by its international obligations to protect all Rohingya.”
On the other hand, the country’s military said it is doing everything to prevent the situation from escalating.
The military said that “the army and security forces will protect the security of the people.”
“We will take all necessary measures to maintain peace and stability and ensure the safety of all people,” the military said in an emailed statement.
On Monday, Myanmar’s parliament approved a law that would allow for a referendum on independence, according to Reuters.
A referendum is a constitutional and administrative process in which citizens must choose between two or more options, and the people of Myanmar are to decide whether to accept or reject the results.
Earlier this month, a poll found that 71 percent of respondents in a survey said they wanted independence, up from 58 percent in April.
With a new government in place, the question of whether to allow the Rohingya to leave the country will be put to the people in a referendum, according the Myanmar government.
If they do not accept the referendum, Myanmar will send troops to Myanmar’s border with Bangladesh to enforce a new “one-China” policy, according a statement by Myanmar’s Foreign Ministry.
According to the New York Times, the military would also use force if the Rohingya refused to leave.
Some have suggested that the military could also use economic pressure to force the Rohingya out.
Meanwhile, the BBC’s Katya Adler said that the United States and European countries have offered support for the Rohingya refugees.