When the sun rises over the Isle of Man on May 18th, the country will mark the beginning of its 45th Independence Day, marking the moment Scotland became independent from England in 1807.
But the nation is far from celebrating its independence day with an all-out celebration.
Instead, it is commemorating a long history of conflict between Scotland and England.
The history of Scottish independence has long been contested and the people of the island have been divided over how they would be treated should they return to the UK.
In fact, the debate has raged for years, and was once considered so contentious that it was dubbed the ‘Scots’ debate.
What are the origins of independence?
Scottish independence was first proclaimed on August 9, 1707.
In the years since, Scotland’s claim to be an independent nation has been contested in numerous ways.
The first official debate was held in 1813, but it was only in the years following the First World War that the debate finally shifted to the wider Scottish debate, and began to garner international attention.
A number of issues, including the role of the Crown, was debated, with the British government calling for Scotland to be given more powers, and the Scottish government calling on the government of Great Britain to relinquish control of the territory.
In 1918, after the end of the war, the Treaty of Edinburgh was signed, giving Scotland the right to form its own government and parliament.
However, in 1923, the United Kingdom broke off diplomatic relations with Scotland, leaving Scotland without a formal ally in the event of an independent Scotland returning to the Union.
Despite this, the referendum debate continued and, in 1932, Scotland voted to break away from the UK and form its first independent nation.
Today, there are three main theories on how Scotland and the UK became separated.
One of the most popular, and controversial, theories is that Scotland was forced to break off from the rest of the UK by the Treaty in 1833.
Another theory is that the Treaty was forced on Scotland by the UK, with its members thinking that an independent Scottish nation would threaten their political power.
Finally, there is the case that Scotland broke away because of economic pressure from London.
There are three different theories on why Scotland broke off from Britain.
According to this theory, a group of British businessmen from Edinburgh were attempting to get control of a lucrative Scottish oilfield.
The deal was struck in the early 19th century, and by the 1920s the Scottish oilfields had become one of the biggest oil fields in the world.
They were looking for an opportunity to take control of Scotland’s wealth, which would allow them to continue exploiting oil in the rest the country, but Britain did not want to give up control over the oilfields and, according to this argument, Scotland needed to leave.
Although this argument has been disproven, the Scottish Government maintains that, when the oilfield deal was agreed, the UK Government, which had control of oil, decided to stop giving Scotland control over its oil.
This meant that the UK could not continue to allow oil to flow from the fields to the rest, and Scotland was left with no control over what happened to the oil.
This was a major change in Scottish politics.
When the UK government stopped giving control of Scottish oil to Scotland, the oil companies were forced to find other sources of revenue, and in 1932 a referendum was held.
On March 4, 1932, Scots voted overwhelmingly to leave the UK after years of fighting for control of its oil industry.
It is believed that the referendum was an act of self-defence.
While Scotland is often referred to as an independent country, it was never fully independent, and there has been a constant struggle between the UK authorities and Scottish politicians over the last few decades.
As well as the referendum, there have been various attempts to re-establish the monarchy in Scotland.
Since independence, the monarchy has continued to be one of Scotland ‘most divisive issues’.
In 2016, it became the first country to be forced to scrap its own constitution in the UK due to a court ruling.
The ruling was overturned on appeal in 2017.
For the first time since independence, a number of high-profile figures in the Scottish Parliament have been expelled.
Most recently, there was a controversial incident last month when Scottish MP Nicola Sturgeon was asked by the press to resign due to the fact that she was not standing for election again, and she refused to.
Many of Scotland s most prominent politicians are currently facing disciplinary action for comments they made during the referendum campaign.
Scotland s First Minister, Nicola Sturgeon, and Prime Minister, Ruth Davidson have both been called to appear before the House of Commons Select Committee on the Constitution.